Published OnAugust 24, 2020
Related Formulation Forum Articles
COVID-19 has gripped the globe for months – and the effects on the Home Care and I&I industry will be felt for years to come.
“When we’re no longer able to change a situation, we’re challenged to change ourselves.”
– Viktor Frankl
In spring 2020, panic cleaning, rampant stock-ups and empty shelves dominated the headlines. The initial global spread of the COVID-19 pandemic catalyzed an unprecedented shift in consumer behavior. Months into the pandemic, purchasing decisions have continued to reflect dramatic alterations from pre COVID-19 trends.
Now, the savviest brand leaders in the Home Care and I&I cleaning space are recognizing that these consumer behaviors aren’t simply a panic shift. They’re a paradigm shift. We’re entering a new normal, where consumer purchasing decisions will continue to play out in patterns that would have been incomprehensible at this time last year.
Rather than wait and react to the pandemic’s unpredictable and ever-evolving course of impact, savvy brand leaders are thinking three steps ahead:
- What overarching trends will sustain even as the pandemic shifts course?
- How can we meet consumers’ needs in the long-term?
- What new dynamics (social, professional, lifestyle) will affect purchasing decisions going forward, and how can we capitalize on that?
We don’t know what will happen with COVID-19. But we do know that the Home Care and I&I market is going to look permanently different from the way it looked in 2019.
Extreme consumer hoarding was a limited trend. But what they stocked up on gives a glimpse into the future.
Before COVID-19 hit North America, a few trends in the Home Care and I&I market seemed to boast inexorable traction:
- More consumers were making purchases online.
- More consumers were choosing reusable cleaning products as opposed to single-use items.
- More consumers were exhibiting “chemophobia,” prioritizing products that make claims of “green,” “natural,” “safe,” and “non-toxic.”
There’s nothing quite like a paralyzing global pandemic to catalyze a seismic shift. Months in, none of those trends carried forward as expected. The first (more consumers are making purchases online) experienced hockey stick-like growth as households sheltered in place and feared venturing out to make purchases.
Demand fell in several categories in Q2 after stockpiling in Q1, but not categorically. Demand for certain areas, including Automatic Dishwashing (ADW) Tablets and Household Cleaners remained extraordinarily strong in Q2 even after initial stockpiles. These trends respectively reflect the disproportionate number of meals taking place at home and an ongoing prioritization of regular cleaning at home. These trends are likely to sustain through the duration of the pandemic, and (especially in the case of household cleaners), potentially beyond.
Retail data for U.S. for the first half of 2020:
- Liquid Laundry Detergent and Unit Dose Laundry Detergent: Up by 11% overall in both categories; demand in Q2 has returned to 2019 levels, presumably due to stockpiling
- Auto Dishwashing Tablets: Up by 24%, with Q2 demand going strong
- Household Cleaners: Up by 28% with Q2 demand staying steady
The second and third trends made stunning reversals. The cleaning wipes category shot up 104% from Q4 2019 to Q1 2020, and the shift is even more visible when it comes to the chemophobia trend.
In this section, we explore the chemophobia reversal – plus two more key trends that are likely to shift the way consumers behave even if and when COVID-19 is brought under control.
It’s critical to note that while much of this discussion centers specifically on household cleaning and not the broader Home Care and I&I space, consumer demand in the former will have a significant impact on the latter. As consumers prioritize effectivity (stronger cleaners) and convenience (e-commerce), the I&I industry must shift accordingly. Industrial and institutional cleaning companies must adjust to facilitate new consumer demands, new lifestyle patterns, and overcome increased pressure to provide assurances about level of sanitation and commitment to safety.
TREND 1: E-Commerce isn’t going anywhere
Kantar Group recently explored the effects of COVID-19 on consumer behaviors and reports that the fastest growth category is in High Convenience, e.g. e-commerce, with 22% growth. This tops Proximity and Value for Money (reporting a 3.6% uptick for Convenience and 4.4% for Discounters), Niche-Local Opportunities (up 2.6% for both Drugstore/Pharmacy and Cash & Carry), and “No More Uniques” (reporting just a 0.8% uptick for Hyper Super and 1.8% for Traditional).
Nielsen has been keeping close tabs on the evolution of consumer behaviors, updating trends weekly. The extraordinary spikes seen at the onset of the pandemic in the United States (the week ending March 14, 2020) calmed down as expected, but three-quarters of the retail categories in Nielsen’s report are still showing increases over one year ago.
- E-Commerce is still continuing to rise, with more buyers overall – while basket price is “remaining strong”
- Sales at Club stores (e.g. Costco, BJ’s) “are growing throughout COVID” with “penetration, trips and baskets” all growing
- In the Household Cleaning category, total combined sales are still up 13% over one year ago, with in-store sales up 12% and online sales up a whopping 28%. And that’s after the panic buying led to stuffed storage rooms and garages.
The widespread and rapid adoption of e-commerce-related activity is likely to have a lasting impact on consumer behavior. Demographic groups that might otherwise have eschewed online shopping are now participating at high rates, and while the introduction to online shopping may have been jarring for many, once it’s a comfortable habit it’s likely to stick.
TREND 2: Efficacy over everything
Home Care “plays a crucial role in limiting the spread of the virus as well as psychological support to households around the world as they battle this invisible threat,” says a report from Euromonitor International. And in response, consumers are reaching for stronger cleaners (and the same is seen in the commercial space, where efficient cleanliness is integral to ensuring consumer trust).
In short, says the Euromonitor International report, “COVID-19 is the antithesis of chemophobia.”
In addition to pursuing a wider range of products and significantly higher penetration of antibacterial and bleach products, Euromonitor International reports that users have a “higher propensity for overdosing,” which is “driving volume and value” in home cleaning categories.
Nielsen BASES confirms Euromonitor International’s findings, reporting that “consumers now believe that [Home Care] product claims focused on killing germs, providing immunity and overall health promotion are more relevant than claims around naturalness, sustainability, quality and brand.”
It’s expected that this dramatic reversal away from green and natural claims may be mitigated somewhat as the virus comes under control – and it’s worth noting that the overall global shift toward sustainability and environmental awareness will play a factor in this shift long-term. However, with far-ranging predictions for the future of this pandemic, let alone future viral threats – plus the psychological impact that the pandemic has had on consumers’ desire to manage their environments – it seems likely that efficacy will continue to be a high priority in the long run. Describing the pandemic as a “threat experience,” Euromonitor International surmises that “households are unlikely to return to pre COVID-19 consumption patterns.” Instead, we may see an increasing shift toward what’s being called “science-based green,” or brands that pursue sustainability measures and environmental considerations without sacrificing efficacy.
In the I&I space, an elevated and proven standard of cleaning will become a cost of entry for businesses to successfully reopen or stay open. I&I areas requiring cleaning and sanitation include kitchen and dining rooms, public areas, food and beverage processing, showers and toilets and medical facilities – and efficacy will be paramount for keeping them clean and safe.
There is already a shift toward co-branding partnerships that showcase this phenomenon. As cleanliness becomes a seal of high quality and safety, that seal is increasingly coming in the form of a highly recognizable brand. Examples of these partnerships include Hilton’s collaboration with Lysol® and the Mayo Clinic (Hilton’s “CleanStay with Lysol Protection”). United Airlines has also launched “United CleanPlus” with Clorox. Opportunities will continue to appear as companies look to secure confidence. Case in point:
- Airbnb has announced a new cleaning protocol for hosts, including guidance from a former U.S. Surgeon General
- American Airlines has announced enhanced cleaning procedures and new personal protective equipment for customers
- Marriott has announced a global cleanliness council
And the list will continue to grow.
“Consumers are looking for protection and simplification during this pandemic: protection from contact with potential pathogens and simplification of essential activities such as shopping,” said Daniele Piergentili, Vice President, Personal and Home Care, BASF Care Chemicals in North America. After COVID is gone, consumer will continue to prefer products with scientifically proven claims, and trust brands that over the last decades have consistently proven to deliver the safe outcomes promised. In addition, the convenience and safety provided by online purchasing during the pandemic will boost e-commerce as a preferred shopping channel even after the virus is gone.”
What brands need to do now, and what’s coming next
Cleaning Power: think long term
Dishwashing, hard surface cleaning and bleach are three areas where Euromonitor International expects to see a long-term shift after the initial spike. The report also expects that chained retailers will win in the long expects to see that: “Home Care (as with all grocery) makes the leap to online and auto-replenishment.”
Again, efficacy in the I&I space will be equally important and it has already become a marketing tactic for I&I operations to advertise the products they’re using and how they’re elevating cleaning standards.
Keep it clean and simple
For both Home Care and I&I, forward-thinking brand leaders will pursue “science-based green” as the market refuses to concede efficacy but still wants to move toward sustainability. Euromonitor emphasizes that “green brands leveraging science are very well-positioned for the future” as consumers look to blend nature and technology.
There will be increasing emphasis on “eco-conscious” claims that prominently feature “free from” lists of the chemicals avoided. This is part of the larger “clean and simple” movement that elevates brands with clear, transparent, understandable (and often shorter) lists of ingredients.
The trajectory toward clean and simple was already well underway prior to the onset of the pandemic, but the pandemic catalyzed a caveat in this trend. The new challenge: A natural cleaning product that actually works.
Top brands that already have consumers’ trust when it comes to cleaning efficiency have a chance to rise above the competition by leaning into science-based green product offerings. Strong brand recognition will help mitigate uncertainty over efficacy, while consumers will appreciate the evolution toward sustainability.
The long-term shift in these categories is likely to be particularly marked by emphasis on products with ingredients that consumers view as powerful and effective against viral threats. The industry must take steps to avoid supply and distribution issues to fulfill consumers’ demands for highly effective cleaning products in the long-term, especially while making the inevitable switch toward online shopping.
Industrial and Institutional operations will need to make a promise to their entire chain – from employees to partners to consumers – about the steps they’re taking to make spaces as clean and safe as possible.
Ensure brands are tech-friendly
In addition, it will be critical for brands to understand the impact of a widespread shift toward use of technology when shopping. In addition to the “exponential growth” in online shopping, consumers have entered into a world of “contactless payments and in-store navigation apps, and “brands are increasingly connecting with consumers via interactive and virtual shopping experiences,” according to Nielsen. Even when shopping in-store, a consumer encountering an unknown ingredient is more likely to whip out a mobile phone and Google the ingredient – and the brand would be wise to have transparent explanations for products’ ingredients on their websites. As brands work to navigate the new normal of a pandemic-gripped (and post-pandemic) world, it will be essential for brands to stay ahead of accelerating technology adoption and the resulting “pivot [in] consumer behavior both in store and online into the future.”
Given consumers’ heightened awareness around the perception of what constitutes adequate cleaning and safety measures, it will be critical for the I&I space to stay ahead of expectations. This may include embracing automation and digitalization to monitor cleaning, enabling touchless and contactless operations (e.g. keyless entry to hotel rooms), and more.
Be aware of squeezed wallets
Economic uncertainty is likely to play a significant role in consumer behavior going forward, though it’s reasonable to expect that threat-associated expenditures, such as effective cleaning tools, may be prioritized above spending in other discretionary categories. “As we move into 2021, the battle will be how to furnish heightened demand and adapting cleaning regimes with harsh economic reality when things most likely fail to return to normal,” reports Euromonitor International. That means delivering cleaning efficacy in a way that’s still wallet friendly. And while consumers have pivoted toward prioritizing strength, it’s important to recognize that there’s still an overall global trend toward environmental awareness and the importance of sustainability.
A potent solution for what brands, businesses and consumers need
It’s important to make a distinction between cleaning (removing soil from a surface), sanitizing (reducing to “safe levels” the number of pathogenic microorganisms within 30 seconds), disinfecting (removing 99.999% of bacteria in less than 10 minutes), and sterilizing (destroying bacteria, spores, fungi and viruses).
There are three main active ingredients approved by the EPA in order to ensure effective disinfection and sanitization: quaternary ammonium, hydrogen peroxide and peracetic acid. But to deliver the results demanded for effective Home Care and I&I applications, these active ingredients must be combined with the right inert ingredients.
It’s critical to create synergy by using an active agent with a moistened surface in order to ensure that the disinfectant effectively interacts with the surface. Trusted BASF ingredients that blend the moistening capabilities and adherent, active ingredient include the Glucopon®line of natural non-ionic surfactants, and the Lutensol® XP line of biodegradable non-ionic surfactants.
Powerful for efficient disinfecting and cleaning. Cost-effective. e-Commerce friendly. Versatile enough to fit into evolving brand identities.
That’s a potent mix of demands and success in meeting these demands ultimately boils down to the ingredients. BASF portfolio delivers on all fronts and can help brands not only survive this unprecedented global crisis but lead the way through and after it. We are committing to “PROTECT & SIMPLIFY”: Protect with more efficient ingredients to clean/disinfect; Simplify with solutions which are e-commerce friendly.